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Updated Nov 17, 2023

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Mirrorless cameras now dominate the interchangeable lens camera market, fifteen years after Panasonic introduced the first example. They include cameras designed for a wide range of photo and video pursuits, and models at everything from budget to professional price points.

We’ve used and tested just about every current mirrorless camera on the market and picked out what we think are the stand-out models. We’ll start with the most affordable models, then work our way up from there. In general terms, the more expensive ones are better, offering better image quality through the use of larger sensors, or higher resolution, faster burst rates or superior video capture. We’ll call out why we’ve made each pick and try to explain the advantages and disadvantages of each choice.

Our picks:


Best value: Sony a6100

24MP APS-C sensor | Hybrid AF with Real-time Tracking | 4K video capture

Photo: Richard Butler

Buy now:

$848 w/ 16-50mm B&H Photo

$848 w/ 16-50mm at Adorama

$748 body only at Amazon


What we like:

  • Excellent autofocus system
  • 4K/30p video recording
  • Tilting touchscreen LCD

What we don’t:

  • Less robust build quality
  • Rolling shutter ‘jello effect’ present in 4K video
  • Crop when recording 4K/30p video

The Sony a6100 is an entry-level APS-C mirrorless camera. It’s equipped with a 24MP sensor, a touchscreen for easy focus placement and Sony’s excellent autofocus tracking which makes it especially easy to focus on people and pets.

The a6100 is happiest if you prefer to point-and-shoot in an auto mode, supported by its very good autofocus. The wide range of lenses available for it give you somewhere to grow if you find yourself catching the photography bug.

The a6100 is the most basic model in the a6000-series and doesn’t feel quite as robust as its step-up siblings. It offers a lower-resolution electronic viewfinder, and twin control dials that are both thumb-operated. Its touchscreen flips upward 180-degrees for easy selfie framing and vlogging.
Sony’s autofocus system has been trained to recognize people and pets as subjects, and will follow them flawlessly throughout the frame. Coupled with the ability to touch the screen to place a focus point, it’s a system that will serve beginner users very well, whatever they’re shooting.
“The a6100’s autofocus can effortlessly track whatever you point it at”
The a6100 makes it easy to record 4K footage or slow-motion 1080 video. There’s a socket to connect an external mic but no way to connect headphones for monitoring. It can be set up for tap-to-track autofocus in video, too. There’s significant ‘jello-effect’ distortion in the 4K footage though, especially in 24p mode.
The a6100 is a good entry-level camera with a very powerful, easy-to-use autofocus system. We’re not huge fans of the kit zoom and the interface isn’t especially welcoming, but with a few settings changes, it can help you get excellent shots, easily.


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Best APS-C mirrorless camera: Sony a6700

26MP BSI CMOS sensor | 4K/60p video capture | Fully articulating screen

Photo: Richard Butler

Buy now:

$1398 at B&H Photo

$1398 at Adorama

$1398 at Amazon


What we like:

  • Front and rear command dials
  • Excellent AF in stills and video
  • 4K/120p capture (with crop)

What we don’t:

  • No AF joystick
  • JPEG sharpening can be aggressive

The Sony a6700 is an enthusiast-level APS-C mirrorless camera built around an image-stabilized, 26MP BSI CMOS sensor. It includes an impressive collection of features for both photo and video shooters.

The a6700 might look a lot like the a6100 but it’s a much more advanced model with better build, greater capabilities in both stills and video, and more hands-on control points.

The a6700 has a thumb-and-forefinger dial interface missing from Sony’s less expensive models. It’s just slightly larger than previous models in the line, but in exchange, you also get a fully articulating display. However, it lacks the AF joystick found on many cameras in its class.
Autofocus on the a6700 offers class-leading subject detection and tracking capabilities. Combined with a dedicated ‘AI’ processor, it effectively tracks subjects around the frame even when shooting at the maximum 11 fps burst shooting rate.
“Excellent photo and video quality with best-in-class AF in stills and video make it an excellent choice for enthusiasts.”
The camera produces very detailed 4K video up to 60p with 10-bit color, with good rolling shutter performance. There’s also a 4K/120p mode, albeit with a 1.58x crop. Autofocus performance is top-notch, with a well-designed touch interface. It’s a strong option both for videographers and vloggers.
Excellent photo and video quality, best-in-class AF in stills and video, and a deep set of features to support both make it an excellent choice for enthusiasts. Sony’s E-mount also includes a good range of available lenses.


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What are my other APS-C options?

Although the Sony a6700 is the most capable APS-C camera, if you consider autofocus performance, image quality and video capabilities, there are several other worthy contenders to the title. We like the combination of affordability and likeability of Nikon’s Z fc, now that there are a handful of prime lenses to use with it, and we respect the Sony-rivaling capabilities of several of Canon’s APS-C RF models.

Fujifilm’s X-S20 is also worth considering if you’re looking at APS-C cameras

Photo: Shaminder Dulai

But it’s the Fujifilm X-S20 we think deserves most consideration, if you conclude the a6700 isn’t for you. We think it’s a pretty good-looking camera, and one that shoots great video, as well as attractive stills. Touches such as the AF joystick make it that bit more engaging and enjoyable to shoot with, than the Sony.

Its autofocus tracking isn’t anything like as reliable as Sony or Canon’s latest cameras, but where it really shines is in the selection of lenses available for it. Fujifilm makes a broad selection of prime lenses and the excellent 18-55mm F2.8-4.0 OIS zoom, that’s significantly better than the lenses bundled with most of these cameras. Third party support is strong, too, meaning the camera can grow with you as your photography develops.


Full-frame mirrorless

Full-frame cameras (those with image sensors the same size as traditional “35mm” film) offer the opportunity for better image quality than smaller formats, simply because they have a larger area on which to capture light. However, you don’t get something for nothing: even if you can find an affordable full-frame camera at a good price, the lenses needed to make the most of it will be larger and will typically cost more than the lenses for APS-C or Four Thirds sensors. Broadly speaking there’s a balance to be struck between image quality, size and price, which is worth contemplating before you make the assumption that full-frame is the best (or even ‘better’) format.

Best budget full-frame mirrorless: Canon EOS R8

24 MP full-frame CMOS sensor | 4K/60p 10-bit video recording | 8 fps burst shooting

Photo: Richard Butler

Buy now:

$1399 at B&H Photo

$1399 at Adorama

$1399 at Amazon


What we like:

  • Great image quality
  • Very good AF subject detection and tracking
  • Good starting price

What we don’t:

  • No in-body image stabilization
  • Short battery life
  • No AF joystick

The Canon EOS R8 is a surprisingly capable compact full-frame mirrorless camera that has the features and image quality of Canon’s EOS R6 II at a much lower price.

The EOS R8 has a comfortable grip and twin dials, giving a good level of direct control. There aren’t many buttons so more committed users may want to move up to the EOS R6 II, rather than rely on the quick menu for changing settings.
Autofocus is the R8’s strong suit: tracking and subject detection are simple to use and very effective. There’s no AF joystick, so you’ll have to use the touchscreen or select a subject and recompose. Battery life is very limited for an entry-level full-frame camera, though it can charge over USB, at least.
“If you’re partial to Canon and are new to full-frame mirrorless, the EOS R8 is a great place to start your photographic journey.”
The R8 shoots attractive video, including 4K footage at up to 60p. The lack of in-body stabilization means you’ll need a stabilized lens or a tripod to get the best results.
Photos are on par with more expensive full-frame cameras, with great high ISO performance, detail-preserving noise reduction, and Canon’s pleasing JPEG colors. The 40 fps burst mode is prone to rolling shutter distortion, reducing its usefulness for capturing action.
The EOS R8 offers the image quality and many of the features of Canon’s more expensive models but battery life, viewfinder resolution and lack of sensor stabilization are part of the price you pay for that. The RF mount is still fairly new so it’s worth researching your lens options before buying, but an adapter allows the use of EF DSLR lenses if you have them.


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What are the other entry-level full-frame options?

We also think the Nikon Z5 is worth considering, if you’re looking for a comparatively affordable way into a full-frame system. It’s older than the Canon and its autofocus tracking and video capabilities lag somewhat behind as a result. Like Canon’s RF system, Nikon’s Z-mount lens system is also somewhat short on affordable lenses to pair with an entry-level camera, though Nikon has allowed a couple of other brands to make selected lenses for the system.

What really makes us bring it up here is its usability. The Z5 has a larger, higher-resolution viewfinder, much longer battery life, in-body image stabilization and an AF joystick, all of which can make it a rather more enjoyable camera to shoot with. Definitely worth a look.


Best mirrorless camera under $2000: Nikon Zf

24MP full-frame BSI CMOS sensor | Full-width 4K/30 video, cropped 4K/60 | Stabilization rated to 8EV

Photo: Richard Butler

Buy now:

$1997 at B&H Photo

$1997 kit at Adorama

$1997 at Amazon


What we like:

  • Distinctive design with direct controls
  • Effective subject recognition
  • Strong stills and video features

What we don’t:

  • Weight and minimal grip can become uncomfortable
  • Slow MicroSD second slot
  • Few custom buttons

There are some exceptionally good cameras in the $2000-$2500 price category, but few of them are as eye-catching as the Nikon Zf. While the styling is distinctly 1981, the performance is much more contemporary, with very competitive autofocus and the strong balance of stills and video capabilities that we’ve come to expect from a camera at this price.

The Zf gives the choice of using the dedicated control dials or customizable command dials. In most respects it copies its well-polished control system from other recent Nikons. Not everyone will enjoy the angular early 80’s handling but it handles just as well as the cameras it resembles.
The Zf’s autofocus is impressive, with both subject recognition and AF tracking both working well. It’s perhaps not quite as confidence-inspiring as the latest Sony cameras, but it’s not far off. It’d be nice to have an AF joystick but the rear control pad does a decent job.
“The Zf’s looks may date from 1981, but its performance is completely contemporary”
The Zf has a very solid video feature set. Oversampled 4K/30 and cropped 4K/60 is standard for this sensor, but the Zf also adds a waveform display that’s especially useful for exposing its 10-bit Log footage.
The Zf uses a very familiar 24MP BSI sensor that has underpinned numerous cameras in recent years, and the results are predictably good. There’s plenty of dynamic range and enough detail capture for all but the most demanding applications.
The Nikon Zf’s performance lives up to its looks. It’s not as comfortable to hold for long periods as more modern designs, but it’s also distinctive and engaging in a way they’re arguably not. We’re still completing our testing, but it hasn’t disappointed yet.

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Best mid-priced full-frame mirrorless: Canon EOS R6 II

24MP Dual Pixel AF CMOS sensor | 40fps burst shooting | 4K/60 from 6K capture

Photo: Dale Baskin

Buy now:

$2499 at B&H Photo

$2499 at Adorama

$2499 at Amazon


What we like:

  • Simple, powerful AF for stills
  • Fast 40fps shooting with continuous AF
  • Excellent battery life

What we don’t:

  • AF less reliable in video mode
  • SD cards limit burst duration
  • E-shutter can distort fast-moving subject
The EOS R6 Mark II is Canon’s second-generation full-frame enthusiast mirrorless camera, and is based around a stabilized 24MP Dual Pixel CMOS sensor.

The Canon EOS R6 II stands out from strong competition by doing everything really well. Its autofocus is only a fraction behind the Sony a7 IV, but its video is better, with less rolling shutter and no need to crop to achieve 4K/60p. This gives it performance ahead of the Panasonic and Nikon offerings at this price, and its ergonomics are a match for the best of them. It’s just a really all-round solid package.

The R6 II has a substantial hand grip and well spaced controls that pair with a simple touchscreen interface and logically-arranged menu system. It fits comfortably in the hand even with larger lenses.
The EOS R6 Mark II is a great stills and video camera, with fast burst shooting being its standout feature.
Autofocus performance is consistently reliable, even when capturing images at 40fps. A wide variety of subject detection modes and a surprisingly clever ‘Auto’ detection mode allow the camera to choose appropriate AF areas and algorithms for many commonly-photographed subjects.
Video is substantially improved over the original R6, with full width oversampled 4K up to 60p, and greatly improved thermal management. Video autofocus still has a tendency to jump to the background, requiring the user to continually redirect the camera to your chosen subject while filming.
Rolling shutter is surprisingly well controlled in 40fps electronic shutter mode, though like most of its peers, the R6 Mark II drops to 12-bit capture, reducing dynamic range. In the less fast modes, the image quality is excellent.
Aside from the maximum burst rate, the Canon R6 Mark II might look like a minor upgrade from its 2020 Camera of the Year precursor, but the impressive number of small improvements add up to one of the most well-rounded full-frame cameras in its price range.


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The mid-priced rivals

There are plenty of other cameras worth considering, in the around $2000 price category. The Canon and Nikon are the real stand-outs, but you’re unlikely to regret your decision, whichever you opt for. The Panasonic Lumix DC-S5 II would probably be our choice if you want to shoot both stills and video, despite it having to crop in to capture 4K/60, which the Canon doesn’t. It’s the level of supporting tools that makes it so videographer-friendly, with a wide variety of capture formats, waveform displays and the ability to set exposure as shutter angle making it stand out. The S5 IIX is even stronger in this regard, with the ability to record very high quality video straight to an external SSD.

Sony’s a7 IV is also a solid enough choice, with excellent autofocus and slightly higher resolution capture than its peers. It’s the smaller, less expensive a7C II that we prefer, though. Its autofocus is a generation newer and it’s appreciably smaller than its rivals. The viewfinder is small and there’s no AF joystick though, which are the main reasons it’s not one of our main picks.


Best high-end mirrorless camera: Nikon Z8

46MP Stacked CMOS sensor | 20fps Raw, 30fps full-size JPEG shooting | 8K/60 and 4K/120 video

Photo: Richard Butler

Buy now:

$3997 at B&H Photo

$3997 at Adorama

$3997 at Amazon


What we like:

  • Superb autofocus
  • Fast shooting
  • Excellent video

What we don’t:

  • Large, heavy body
  • Relatively low-res (though fast) viewfinder
  • Not all subject detection modes equally good

The Nikon Z8 offers essentially all the capabilities of Nikon’s pro-focused sports camera, the Z9. It’s somewhat larger than its immediate peers, but its combination of resolution, speed, autofocus capability and video features means it will support you in just about anything you ask of it.

The Z8 has a large, comfortable grip with well-placed controls. There’s a good level of customizable controls and ergonomics that match the pro-focused Z9. The viewfinder resolution is low but the brightness and lack of lag make it one of best-suited to action.
The Z8 can be set to track whatever’s under the AF point and does so dependably. It can also prioritize recognized subjects near the AF point if you prefer. 20fps Raw shooting or 30fps full-res JPEG capture (with pre-burst option) make the Z8 very rapid.
“The Nikon Z8 is one of the best cameras we’ve yet tested, combining fast shooting, great AF, strong video and top-notch IQ”
Video quality is excellent with a choice of Raw and 10-bit gamma/compressed formats with up to 8K/60 or 4K/60 derived from it. There’s also a less-detailed 4K/120p option. Tools such as waveforms and dependable AF make it easy to shoot with.
Image quality is excellent, with high detail levels maintained into fairly low light. JPEG color is attractive and the there’s (Read more…)